In the past days there were three drawings engraved on three separate gold plates in the huge sarcophagus of the magnificent size discovered in the city of Alexandria, Egypt.
One expert, who is not included in the survey conducted on the sarcophagus, stated that one of the drawings might depict the seed of opium flower placed in a temple. According to the expert, what this mysterious drawing means has not yet been clarified.
The Black Lahdin Mystery
The granite sarcophagus with a length of 2,7 meters, a width of 1,5 meters and a height of 1,8 meters aroused great reverberation in the media when it was brought to the surface at the beginning of July. When the sarcophagus opened, there was a leak of sewage water through the three skeletons and a broken wall . It is not known how many years the sarcophagus is, but archaeologists believe that between 304 BC and 30 BC, a descent from the descendants of one of the commanders of Alexander ruled Egypt.
Archaeologists and conservators examined the fragrant remains from the sarcophagus during the month we passed, and on August 19, the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities declared that there were three gold plates with drawings on them, as well as skeletons in the sarcophagus. It does not specify what the drawings are or what they mean.
As a result of the investigations, researchers succeeded to learn more about skeletons. One of the skeletons belongs to a woman who is 20-25 years old when she died, and the other two belong to two men who are 30-40 years old when they are killed.
According to Nadia Kheider of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, one of the skeletons has a hole about 1.7 centimeters in the skull, which means that the man has undergone a surgical procedure called trepan , meaning that the hole is intentionally opened. Trepanation, believed to heal many medical problems, was often practiced in the ancient world.
Zeinab Hashish, a skeletalist who works for the ministry, said in a statement, “This operation has been rarely performed in Egypt, but the old surgical intervention known since the prehistoric times.”
In order to inquire what the gold plated carved drawings in the sarcophagus showed and understood, we communicated with experts who were not involved in the research.
A few of the researchers could have answered these questions earlier, but the answer came from Jack Ogden, President of the Jewelry Historians Society. Ogden conducted extensive research on Egyptian gold jewelery, including his doctoral thesis, about 2,000 years ago.
Oden says that one of the drawings depicts a snake like a cobra, which is common in Egyptian jewelery. “Such snakes evoke rebirth, they have been changed and renewed, so death, funeral and other life are perfect symbols for the triangle.” Moreover, these snakes were also linked to the goddess Isis.
“The general belief is that jeweled jewelery is for women, but I am not sure that the snake’s presence here can be associated with the laherty woman,” Ogden says.
The other drawing shows a palm branch or a corn head. According to Ogden, they are both common motifs associated with fertility and rebirth.
Among the drawings, the most mysterious is thought to be the seed of opium flower placed in the temple, but according to Ogden, it is not known exactly what the drawing actually shows.
“Afyon was used extensively for medical purposes in Greco-Roman Egypt, but there is at least an association between the effects of sleep and hallucination of opium and death and rebirth-at least in ancient minds,” says Ogden.
In addition to the skeletons and drawings, Lahitte was also seen as a small golden object that had yet to be discovered. In the statement made, it did not specify whether there was any drawing or inscription on the work.