New Archaeological Discoveries

“There is still a great deal of texts that have not been published,” said Egyptian scientist Kim Ryholt, president of the Carlsberg Papyrus Collection at the University of Copenhagen. These are texts of medicine, botany, astronomy, astrology, and other sciences applied in ancient Egypt. ”

At the moment, an international research team is translating texts that have not been discovered before. As one of the researchers pointed out, these texts contain information that will give us a fresh and exciting overview of Ancient Egypt.

Amber Jacob, Ph.D. student at the Ancient World Research Institute at the University of New York, USA, said, “Working with unpublished materials has been a unique experience for me. This is not an event that can happen everywhere. ” Jacob is one of four doctoral students working on unpublished manuscripts held in Copenhagen.

The Egyptians were aware of the presence of the kidneys

Jacob’s research focuses on texts of medicine taken from the Tebtunis temple library, which had existed before 200 BC, the famous Alexandria Library.

As reported Jacob found evidence in one of the texts that Ancient Egyptians were aware of the presence of the kidneys.

“This is the oldest medical text known about the kidneys,” Jacob said. Until now, some researchers thought the Egyptians did not know the kidneys, but we clearly see that this is not the case. ”

Papyrus also offers new information on Egyptian astrology.

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It is thought that he wrote a kind of prophecy in this little papyrus piece. The writer wrote this papyrus two possible outcomes of a situation and asked the gods to show which one is true. C: Carlsberg Papyrus Collection / Copenhagen University

“Today, astrology is seen as a pseudo-science, but the situation in the ancient world was different. Astrology was an important tool in predicting the future and was accepted as a very central science.

As an example, the king had to know which day was right for the chief.

For them, on the wrong day, for example, when the celestial bodies were aligned in a certain way, astrology was the way of avoiding ascension. ”

Egyptian ingenuity contribution

According to Ryholt, unpublished manuscripts shed light on the history of science.

“When history of science is concerned, the focus is usually on Greek and Roman materials,” says Ryholt. However, there are much more Egyptian materials based on them. One of the medical texts in our collection was written 3,500 years ago, when there was no single written material in Europe at the time. ”

Analyzing this text for 3,500 years is the work of Ph.D. student Sofie Schiødt from Copenhagen University.
According to Schiødt, one handful of manuscripts mention unusual treatments for eye diseases.

Papyrus was discovered in Germany

On the other side of the papyrus, the pregnancy screening test takes place in ancient Egypt.

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A 3,500-year-old papyrus in front Sofie Schiødt.C: Mikkel Andreas Beck

According to Schiødt, it is said that the pregnant woman should work in a bag of wheat and a bag of wheat. The first bag to be sprouted determines the sex of the child. If neither of the bags are sprouted, it seems that the woman is not pregnant.

Schiødt’s research revealed that the ideas recorded in ancient Egyptian medical texts exceeded the limits of the African continent.

“Many of the ideas in the texts of ancient Egyptian medicine are later confronted in Greek and Roman texts,” Schiødt said in his statement. From here we are able to follow the traces of these ideas that spread to medieval medicine texts in the Middle East as well as pre-modern medicine. ”

The same pregnancy test used by the Egyptians is in the collection of German folklore from 1699.

The fact that Egyptian ideas have left a trace after thousands of years makes this collection remarkable.

“Every contribution is important”

It is extremely important to translate unpublished texts according to the Egyptologist Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert from the department of Egyptian science at the University of Leipzig, Germany.

Fischer-Elfert, “We have fragmented knowledge of natural sciences in ancient Egypt. For this reason, every contribution to our knowledge accumulation is important.

Today, scientists have certain sources known theoretically, but these sources, which no one has looked at in detail, have been abandoned in various collections throughout the world. Now it’s time to examine them. ”


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