New Archaeological Discoveries

About 5,000 years ago, a nomadic shepherd’s tribe paused on the edge of a lake in Kenya today to bury their dead. These initiatives have turned Africa into the largest and most monumental construction projects ever built.

The Massive Stone Monument in Kenya shows Interesting Social Structure - image kenya1 on

The Lothagam North Pillar Siti was built by East Africa’s earliest shepherds approximately 5,000 to 4,300 years ago, and took 900 years to complete. The central mound (ahead) has an estimated 580 individuals buried side by side regardless of age, sex, or class. A: Katherine Grillo

After more than 450 years of digging the main boulder, stacking layers of sandstone and burying ritually the generations of the next generations, the tribe has found that the widening rocky landscapes, stone columns and the Lothagam North Pillar Sit, where researchers are thought to be the earliest and largest monumental tomb in East Africa, I completed this project, which consists of mounds known as.

that the site name, each of which may not only antiquity as a few meters from the Great Pyramid of Giza length columns in Egypt, or the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus in Turkey as well as other monumental tomb for those in long or big, but it is precisely this that makes it worth considering these columns.

According to a new survey published, Lothagam North was a memorial to people made by people. Here, the honorable deaths were not only emperors or members of the higher societies, but every age and gender of the caretaker was buried side by side without discrimination.

“The Lothagam North Pillar Siti is the earliest known monumental area in East Africa, built on the side of the first shepherds of the region,” the research bulletin, associate professor Elisabeth Hildebrand of Stony Brook University, New York. This finding has helped us to reconsider the complexity of society and the drive to create groups of people with public architecture. ”

First shepherds in East Africa

The Lothagam North Pillar Siti is the oldest of six known monumental areas built near Lake Turkana in Kenya at a time when declining rainfall caused the decline of the coastal city from 4,000 to 5,000 years ago to reveal new and fertile plains to feed herbivores.

Researchers have pointed out that culture has changed in the midst of this environmental change. The first shepherd tribes have just begun to spread to East Africa. Here, tribes were forced to develop new technologies, new strategies and new forms of cultural expression to survive.

The construction of the Lothagam North Pillar Siti, which was basically a people’s graveyard, was probably an expression. Sitin’s central point is a stone platform, roughly 30 meters in diameter, surrounded by pillars of basalt and sandstone, which are moved about 1.6 kilometers away. Researchers have reported that there is a burial in this platform with 580 dead buried in graves filled tightly.

Under the stones

Lothagam North has been studied as an archaeological wonder since the 1960s, but with this new work the researchers for the first time take a deep look at the social hierarchy of the dead on the earth.

According to the investigators, the measurements in Lothagam North were not buried according to any apparent class or caste system. The elderly have been besieged by young men, women have been buried beside men, and no special treatment has been shown to indicate that anyone is superior to the burial friends. Almost all of the skeletons in the burial are adorned with colorful jewelery. Most of the deaths are made of stone beads and ostrich eggs. Some wear bracelets from the ring and the hippo’s teeth while others have hair ornaments made from animal front teeth. One of the dead had a head made of 405 desert shells, and more than 100 desert shells would have been needed to make this head.

The Massive Stone Monument in Kenya shows Interesting Social Structure - image kenya2 on

Lothagam North Pillar Many of the inhabitants of Siti are buried with colorful ornaments. Archaeologists found more than 300 stones and bonuses in the central mound. C: Carla Klehm

Large stone circles and stone piles lined up around the platform gave the site a monumental area of ​​over 1,400 square meters. The radiocarbon dating monument applied to the stones in the central platform shows that it has been completed in 450 to 900 years.

Researchers have pointed out that over the centuries of construction, hundreds of rituals have gathered in Lothagam North, countless wives of friends, witnessing a funeral.

“Monuments may have served as a special place for people to come together, renew social ties and strengthen social identity,” says Anneke Janzen, an archaeologist and research co-author at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Human Science. “Interaction through knowledge exchange and shared ritual may have helped nomadic shepherds move in a rapidly changing physical environment.”

According to the researchers, these shepherd monuments in Kenya can help reshape historical perceptions of social change and the emergence of complex societies. Lothagam North proves that there is no need for the relentless whips that descend to the slaves for the construction of the gigantic, permanent folk monuments, or the reign of a king for the sake of leaving a trace. Maybe all you need is a strong social will and hundreds of desert female teeth.

The Massive Stone Monument in Kenya shows Interesting Social Structure - image pinit_fg_en_rect_red_28 on


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