An unreadable scroll of ancient papyrus remained in the collection of a Swiss university for almost 400 years. When this valuable treasure was noticed, the conservators cleared the pages and the 2000-year text was deciphered for the first time.

Papyrus Galen's

In this ancient papyrus, which has been shown to be cleaned and smoothed in the photo, there is a possible medical text written by the Roman physician Galen. C: University of Basel

New Archaeological Discoveries

Paprüste, an idea about anatomy and medicine An unprecedented text on the hysteria about the hysteria of the Greco-Roman physician Galen (MS 130-210), which has influenced Western science as far as the Middle Ages, takes place.

Sabine Huebner, professor of ancient history at the University of Basel, says in a statement on finds, “We can now say that this is a medical text that has been left in antiquity, talking about it as” hysterical apnea “. “For this reason, we assume that the text is either written by the Roman physician Galen or is an anonymous interpretation of his work.”

The text is believed to be part of the collection of Basilius Amerbach, a professor of case law at the University of Basel in the 16th century. Amerbach is known for the collection of thousands of artifacts and cultural objects, including ancient coins, engravings, picture books, manuscripts, and even a miniature unicorn (made out of a sea buckthorn) made out of a unicorn horn to fill the curiosity locker. The collection was eventually acquired by the city and the University of Basel in 1661 and was the basis of the Basel Art Museum. Amerbach’s collection of the world’s oldest collection of urban arts collection has been publicly exhibited since 1671.

This particular papyrus has been waiting to be translated for centuries. There are reversed writings on the two sides of the papyrus as if they were written separately.

In the past few days, a review of ultraviolet and infrared light at the Basel Digital Humanities Laboratory revealed a few pages of papyrus, perhaps pasted together for later reuse for binding. New Archaeological Discoveries In the end, a papyrus restorer has become able to read the Greek text once the pages have been separated.

Huebner, “The majority of the papyrus consists of documents such as letters, agreements, receipts. This is a literary text, such texts are much more valuable. ”

Galen is not currently accepted by doctors of today, but in the past, mainly in women, a diagnosis of a disease that is hysterically mentioned texts are already known. Another theory suggested at that time was that Hysteria had come to fruition because of “the womb circulating around the body” could not convince Galen. On the contrary, they claimed that when they stopped engaging in sexual intercourse, they became “hysterical” that they were suffering from “hysterical drowning” or an apnea. According to an interpretation of Galen’s work “On the Affected Parts”, this could make them “apneic, muffled or spastic”.

Such a study of Galen texts is not made for the first time by researchers. Earlier this year, particle physicists tried to use high-energy X-rays to reveal the rest of the Galen text hidden in a manuscript reconstructed as a Christian book in the US Department of Energy laboratory.

Papyrus Galen's


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