Odysseus who traveled to the Mediterranean in the epic of Homer might be one of the antecedents. Ten years ago, archaeologists were surprised and skeptical when they reported that Greece had found stone tools dating back about 130,000 years ago in the name of Crete. But since then, with the research done in that area and others, persuasive evidence of the stone-devolved seafarers has begun to increase, and it turns out that these people are more likely to be Neanderthals as extinct cousins.
Alan Simmons, an archaeologist at the University of Nevada in Las Vegas, spoke at the meeting of the American Archaeological Society on the recent findings. “The finds indicate that the desire to go to the seas is strong, and the cognitive and technological tools needed to do so are dated earlier than modern humans.”
Archaeologist John Cherry of Brown University said, “The conservative ideas that there are no marines until the Bronze Age were available until recently, but we are now talking about the Mariner Neanderthals. This is a very surprising change. “
Scientists have long believed that the ability to build and manage a marine vessel and then to go to a remote beach can only be done by domestication of agriculture and animals. The oldest known boat in the Netherlands dates only 10,000 years ago, and convincing evidence of sailing is only emerging in the Old Kingdom of Egypt around 2500 BC. The physical evidence that marines pass through the open ocean from India to Arabia was not before 2000 BC.
But the increasing number of stone tools scattered throughout Eurasia and occasional bones tell a completely different story. (Wooden boats and shovels can not survive the days of the Neanderthals.) It is known that the first members of the human species, such as Homo erectus, traveled through Indonesian deep waters such as Flores and Sulawesi a million years ago. Modern people transcend unreliable waters 65,000 years ago to Australia. In both cases, however, some archaeologists believe that marines may have drifted by accident through the tsunami in early times.
Contrary to this information, the evidence from the Mediterranean points to intentional ship cruises. Archaeologists, like Crete, found stone tools in a much older style than the post-agricultural process in many Mediterranean provinces, but they ignored them as exceptions.
In 2008 and 2009, Thomas Strasser and his teammate Curtis Runnels found hundreds of stone tools near the southern coastal village of Plakias. According to Strasser, digs, axes, scrapers, hypocritical axes were quite numerous and did not resemble those that could have formed as a result of a one-time accident. The tools also provide clues to the identity of early seafarers: the artifacts resemble Ashoan tools developed by Homo erectus more than a million years ago, and are also used by the Neanderthals until about 130,000 years ago.
Strasser suggests that the instruments found could represent a marine migration by the Neanderthals from the Near East to Europe. The research team used a lot of methods to date the earth around the tools and eventually revealed that they belonged at least 130,000 years ago, but they could not produce a clearer and definitive history. Also the stratigraphy of the area is not clear and the increasing questions are usually related to whether or not the land buried with tools is old. So other archaeologists are skeptical about it.
But surprise discovery encouraged researchers to explore the area for additional areas. Possible Neanderthal works should have been scattered across a number of islands, including Stelida on the island of Naxos. The island of Naxos is located 250 kilometers north of Crete in the Aegean Sea. Even during glacial times, when sea levels were lower, it was probably only accessible by sea. A Greek-Canadian team led by Tristan Carter of McMaster University, revealed hundreds of tools buried in a schist stone litter earth. The found hand axes and knives, the Neanderthals and the Homo sapiens looked like Musterien Industries, which they used 200,000 years ago up to 50,000 years ago. These tools required a method of obtaining a more complex chip than the Ashlandian species.
The dating work on the works is ongoing, but Carter rejects unpublished unclear comments. Cherry, however, says that the evidence of Naksha might be persuasive because they are well stratified.
“It is very convincing because there are so many tools in situ, a shale stone full of Musterian tools,” added Strasser, a non-excavated researcher like Cherry.
Other Palaeolithic tools that seemed to be Mysterious were found in the western Ionian islands of Kefalonia and Zakynthos. The abundance of the regions adds weight to the idea of settlement aimed at purpose. “People were going a lot earlier than we thought they were,” says Simmons.
Nikos Efstratiou, an archaeologist at the Thessaloniki Aristotle University in Greece, said: “However, it is difficult to determine which of today’s islands are really thousands of years ahead. This is due to local land movements and sea level changes, “he says. In the name of Lemnos in the Aegean, Efstratiou and his team discovered an area where they thought it was a Paleolithic hunting camp dating back more than 10,000 years. But Efstratiou is not sure if the island is separate from the mainland at that time. Efstratiou states that archaeologists need to better describe the types of tools built on the mainland and island, so that they can find connections between the mainland and island peoples.